Suborder ZYGOPTERA Selys, 1854
- scientific: NO DATA
Damselflies are generally small and slender with a weak flight, although the chlorocyphids and especially calopterygids are more robust and strong. The eyes are widely separated by the head. The wings are usually folded together above and beside the abdomen while settled, but held open in some genera. Worldwide about eighteen families are recognised, eleven of which occur in Africa, but these numbers require revision with increasing phylogenetic insights. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]
Differs from suborder Anisoptera by Fw and Hw being of similar shape and venation, without membranule, and widely separated eyes.
Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.
Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2021-09-28].